Leading Families of the District

Briefs about some of Akorkhel, Khattak chiefs of the Kohat district (Currently part of Nowshera district)

EXCERPT FROM THE GAZETTEER OF THE KOHAT DISTRICT 1883-84

Jaffer Khan, Khattak of Nilab

This Chief is a scion of the senior branch of the family of the Akora Chiefs. In the scramble that followed the Sikh conquest of Peshawar, he obtained the Nilab tappa in jagir. During the Second Sikh War, he sided with the Sikhs. He was, however, confirmed at annexation in possession of his jagir. The jagir was valued at Rs. 2,178 and consisted of ten villages, of which three lying east of the Indus were afterward transferred to the Pindi district. In 1852 this jagir was increased to Rs. 3,000 by a cash grant of Rs. 822 for life, to be reconsidered after his death with a view to the grant being perpetual during the good behavior of his ancestors. And the three villages transferred to Pindi were excluded from the jagir, and in lieu of them, a cash grant was allowed of Rs. 400, also in perpetuity. In consideration of his services during the mutiny he sent some levies to Nowshera, Jafar Khan was given a further life pension of Rs. 822.

Up to the present Settlement, Jafar Khan took Battai in his jagir. He also realized a large income from miscellaneous cesses. At Settlement, the villages were assessed in cash, and the cesses for the most part abolished. Jafar Khan has petitioned to have the loss occasioned by the change made good to him. The loss has been estimated at Rs. 2,804. He at present holds a jagir now assessed at Rs. 1,714, and pensions aggregating Rs. 22,044; in all Rs. 3,758 a year. No orders have been issued regarding the succession to this jagir. His son Fateh Muhammad now manages the jagir, Jafar Khan himself being over 70 years of age.

Jafar Khan died on 10th January 1583. His son Fateh Muhammad Khan has been appointed to succeed him in the jagir and hereditary pension of Rs. 400 The first pension of Rs. 822 has also been confirmed to Fateh Muhammad Khan for life. The mutiny pension of Rs. 822 has been resumed. A lump sum of Rs. 1,500 was allowed as compensation for the loss of the right to collect revenue in kind.

Afzal Khan of Jamal Garhi, Peshawar

Afzal Khan, like Jafar Khan, belongs to the senior branch of the family of the Akora Chiefs. Before annexation, he distinguished himself by murdering the chief, Khawas Khan, who has been mentioned in the account of the Teri Khattaks. At annexation he was found in possession of the Khwarra and Zira tappas and of part of Patiala. He was ousted in 1851 for mismanagement when he retired to Jamal Garhi; where he has since resided. In 1852, his former jagir valued at Rs. 1,400 was confirmed to Afzal Khan in perpetuity. The income was made up to Rs. 3,000 by a cash grant of Rs. 1,600 for life to be reconsidered at his death. In 1854, when the jagir was taken under direct management, it was decided that he should receive only half the jagir realizations. These amounted to Rs. 700, but have been increased by the new Settlement to Rs. 812-8. In 1858 he was allowed an additional pension of Rs. 822 on account of mutiny services. He at one time received a share of the income from the Khwarra and Zira raids. This was commuted to a fixed sum of Rs. 395 a year, in 1873.

He now enjoys Half revenue of jagir villages, Rs. 812; fixed allowance from rakhs, Rs. 395; pension paid from Peshawar, Rs. 1,600; pension paid from Kohat, Rs. 822. Total Rs. 3,629. The jagir grant is in perpetuity, and presumably the rakh allowance also. As regards the cash pension of Rs. 2,422, Rs. 1,000 of this pension was to be continued in perpetuity to a selected heir during loyal conduct. Afzal Khan belongs rather to the Peshawar than to the Kohat district.

Biland Khan of Khushal Garh

Biland Khan is a great-grandson of the chief Saadat Khan. Before annexation, his uncle Murtaza Khan held two villages, Khushalgarh and Khwaza Khel in jagir. These villages were situated in the large jagir held by Afzal Khan, and previous to 1854 Murtaza Khan had been obliged to struggle for his rights which Afzal Khan wished to override. Murtaza Khan died in January 1871, but the succession to the jagir had been previously confirmed to Biland Khan in 1858. Biland Khan resides at Amir in the Khwarra. He holds for life only, but the jagir will probably be continued in the family. He gets a percentage of 7 percent of the income from the Khwarra jungles, of which his uncle Karim Khan is the Superintendent. The jagir is assessed at Rs. 290.

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